xxiii Chronology 1719 Sailor Simon Hadley (or Hatley) shoots an albatross during a privateering voyage aboard Captain George Shelvocke’s Speedwell. 1751 Murder Act provides for the use of the bodies of those convicted of murder for surgical experimentations. 1752 American inventor Benjamin Franklin successfully con- ducts lightning in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, using a kite during a thunderstorm. French scientist Thomas-François Dalibard draws elec- tricity from a cloud using a lightning rod. 1764 Horace Walpole publishes the fi rst Gothic novel, The Castle of Otranto. 1766 Franz Anton Mesmer publishes his thesis on animal magnetism. 1767 Joseph Priestley publishes The History and Present State of Electricity .
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