Contents Preface xi Acknowledgments xv Acronyms xvii Chapter 1 One Term, Many Meanings: Interpreting Openness in Scholarship 1 Openness as Transparency 1 Openness as a Scientific Norm 2 Openness as an Ethical Obligation 2 Openness as Freedom of Inquiry 3 Openness as Freedom from Cost 3 Openness as an Author’s Right 4 Openness as a User’s Right 4 Openness as a Mindset 5 Openness as a Technological Advancement 5 Chapter 2 The Free Software Movement and the Open Source Initiative: Unlocking the Source Code 9 The Free Software Movement 11 The Open Source Initiative 15
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