xxii Chronology 1788 Captain James Cook arrives in Australia, which leads to the invasion and settlement of Europeans in Australia and the imposition of the highly patriarchal European legal and value system on Indigenous women. 1845 Teri’itari’a II is the queen of Tahiti during the Franco-Tahitian War (1844– 1847), during which she leads forces against the French in two separate battles to liberate the Leeward Islands. The journals of European soldiers describe Queen Teri’itari’a’s commanding leadership and her courage in battle. 1857 Dr. William Acton, an English gynecologist, publishes his medical textbook The Functions and Disorders of the Reproductive Organs in Childhood, Youth, Adult Age, and Advanced Life. The book explains the pathology of female masturbation and sexual desire, associating the symptoms with nym- phomania, which frequently leads to women being institutionalized. 1859 The Witchcraft Suppression Act is passed by the British government in the Cape Colony in South Africa, making divination illegal. Under the guise of promoting development and enlightenment, European colonialists, mis- sionaries, and traders thereby undermine local African agency and impose European definitions of gender and sexual norms. 1870 The Married Women’s Property Act is passed in the United Kingdom, allowing women to own property and have an income separate from their husbands. 1883 Dr. Joseph Mortimer Granville, an English physician, invents the first handheld electric vibrator. 1893 Kate Sheppard works with fellow suffragists to present a petition to the New Zealand Parliament, ultimately leading to New Zealand becoming the first self-governing country to grant national voting rights to women. 1903 Marie Curie (1867–1934), from Warsaw, Russian Empire (what is now Poland), becomes the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in
Previous Page Next Page