xxiv Chronology 1941 The reigning queen of Buganda Kingdom, Uganda, Irene Drusilla Namaganda, sparks controversy when she defies Buganda tradition by mar- rying Reverend Canon Peter Kigozi. Not only is Namaganda the widow of a king, and so considered married under Buganda customs, but Kigozi is mukoopi, or a commoner. 1944 The Educational Act of England and Wales serves to recast the educa- tional system and assures even more standards of educational opportunity. Every local education authority is required to submit a development plan as well as a plan for the future. The essential features of the Education Act of 1944 will be reproduced in the Education Act of 1945, in Scotland, and in the Education Act of 1947, in Northern Ireland. 1946 The Commission on the Status of Women is established as part of the United Nations Economic and Social Council to be the first global inter- governmental commission charged with empowering women and gender equality worldwide. 1948 Dr. Gisella Perl, a Romanian Jewish gynecologist, releases her book I Was a Doctor in Auschwitz. The book describes her experiences as a prisoner in the Nazi concentration camp, performing abortions for other women who became pregnant as a result of rape, so the women would not also be killed. 1948 Women in South Korea are granted the right to vote, drive a vehicle, and own and inherit property and assets. 1949 The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act is passed in South Africa when the strict, racist system of apartheid is implemented. 1950 The Marriage Law of 1950 is established in the People’s Republic of China and is intended to address issues of inequality among husbands and wives. The legislation prohibits concubinage, polygamy, bigamy, child betrothal, and interference with the remarriage of widows. 1956 The local council, Njuri-Ncheke of Meru, Kenya, unanimously places a ban on clitoridectomies (i.e., female genital mutilation). However, many
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