Introduction xv detail how PRT is used, adjusted, and evaluated in relation to several kinds of clinical applications. This chapter includes detailed case study material provided by Drs. Jennifer L. Abel and Amy Wenzel, both of whom are expert cognitive-behavior therapists with extensive experience in applying PRT in clinical practice. The third new chapter, called “Medi- tation, Mindfulness, and Relaxation Training,” describes some of the ways in which mindfulness-based methods can be integrated with PRT. Finally, we have extensively updated the chapter titled “Evaluative Research on Progressive Relaxation Training,” and for their help in doing so, we are grateful to Dr. Evelyn Behar, an expert in relaxation research and the treatment of anxiety disorders, and to her graduate students Kara L. Buda and David L. Yap at the Department of Psychology, City Univer- sity of New York–Hunter College. A RECIPE FOR RELAXATION PRT procedures can differ along many dimensions, including the num- ber and duration of training sessions, the sequence of muscle groups used in tension-release cycles, the duration of tension and release, the number of cycles employed with each muscle group, the degree to which suggestions are used to facilitate the relaxation process, and many others. The basic package of PRT procedures outlined in chapter 6 represents one combina- tion of these variables, a combination chosen on the basis of our experience with it, including with its efficiency in teaching relaxation skills to graduate students in practicum courses as well as to a wide variety of clients in preparation for treatment of various kinds of stress- and anxiety-related problems. Still, our experience and yours may differ to some extent, and there is little empirical evidence to suggest that there is a single combination of relaxation training procedures that is ideal for all clients and all problems. That is why we describe a number of alternative procedures and variations on the standard PRT package. It is also why we have added the new chapter containing case studies that illustrate some of the ways in which two expert therapists have integrated PRT procedures into their clinical prac- tice to treat a wide array of client problems. THE CLIENT-PROFESSIONAL RELATIONSHIP It is no secret that the success of any therapeutic enterprise is partly dependent on the quality of the relationship that is established between client and professional, especially as it affects the client’s confidence and
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