Copyright © 2015 by ABC-CLIO, LLC All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review, without prior permission in writing from the publisher. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Proud heritage : people, issues, and documents of the LGBT experience / Chuck Stewart, editor. volumes cm Includes index. ISBN 978-1-61069-398-1 (hard copy : alk. paper) — ISBN 978-1-61069-399-8 (ebook) 1. Homosexuality—United States. 2. Lesbians—United States. 3. Gays—United States. 4. Bisexuals—United States. 5. Transgender people—United States—History. I. Stewart, Chuck, 1951– HQ76.3.U5P765 2015 306.76'60973—dc23 2014023026 ISBN: 978-1-61069-398-1 EISBN: 978-1-61069-399-8 19 18 17 16 15 1 2 3 4 5 This book is also available on the World Wide Web as an eBook. Visit www.abc-clio.com for details. ABC-CLIO, LLC 130 Cremona Drive, P.O. Box 1911 Santa Barbara, California 93116-1911 This book is printed on acid-free paper Manufactured in the United States of America Every reasonable effort has been made to trace the owners of copyright materials in this book, but in some instances this has proven impossible. The editors and publishers will be glad to receive information leading to more complete acknowl- edgments in subsequent printings of the book and in the meantime extend their apologies for any omissions.